What Is Arthroscopy?

What Is Arthroscopy?


Arthroscopy is a surgical method that enables the surgeon to see and work inside the joint with minimal damage to the area. The word arthroscopy means looking at the joint, but sometimes it is known as “closed surgeries” in public. It is used both for treatment and diagnosis procedures. The tool used is called arthroscope, and with the lens and lighting system inside it shows the tissues clearly. Usually an arthroscope tv camera with a diameter of 4mm is used and the surgeon who sees inside the joint on a screen can do the diagnosis.

Cases Where Arthroscopy is Used

  • Meniscus injuries
  • Cleaning of early stage osteoarthritis
  • Removal of loose bone and cartilage pieces
  • Anterior and posterior cruciate ligament repairs
  • Infection and dropsy treatment in the knee
  • Knee cap problems
  • Joint cartilage treatments
  • Diagnosis of some cases
  • Synovectomy
  • Removal of some tumors and vesicles
  • Cartilage transplants

With Which Problems Arthroscopy Helps?

Great results from arthroscopic operations are taken from knee problems such as meniscal tears, anterior and posterior ligament operations, cartilage repairs etc. Similarly, other joint problems such as shoulder dislocations, cartilage damages etc. get good results from arthroscopy too.

Common Problems in the Knee Joint

  • Meniscal tears
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament injuries
  • Damaged cartilage
  • Loose tissue pieces
  • Infection joint membrane and synovitis due to rheumatic issues
  • Arthrosis or osteoarthritis

Common Closed Procedures Treated With Arthroscopy

    • Knee
      • Removal or repair of meniscal tears
      • Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament injuries
      • Early osteoarthritis
      • Osteochondritis
      • Cartilage repairs
      • Knee Cap (Patella) treatments
      • Joint Infection
      • Loose tissue pieces
      • Infection joint membrane and synovitis due to rheumatic issues
      • Arthrosis
      • Removal of some tumors and vesicles
    • Shoulder
      • Muscle contractions and repeating shoulder dislocations
      • Cartilage and sinew related problems inside the joint
      • Early osteoarthritis
      • Synovitis caused by rheumatic issues
      • Regaining the full range of motion of the joint by treating the causes
      • Removal of loose tissues
    • Ankle
      • Removal of loose bones and cartilages from the joint, orsteochondritis
      • Meniscoid lesions due to repeating strains of the joint
      • Early osteoarthritis
      • Rheumatic problems
    • Wrist
      • Bone fractures inside the joint
      • Nerve compression
      • Ligament repairs
      • Cartilage treatments
      • Repairs of TFCC inside the joint
    • Elbow
      • Osteochondritis
      • Removal of loose tissues
      • Fixing the bones that block full range of motion
      • Synovitis due to rheumatic issues
      • Removal of some tumors and vesicles